Agreement Of Berlin Conference Pdf

The conference took place on the 15th The number of plenipotentiaries varied by nation,[13] but these 14 countries sent representatives to the Berlin conference and signed the following law in Berlin:[14] This principle allowed Europeans to conquer Africa, but to do so as little as possible to manage or control it. The principle did not apply so much to the African hinterland at the time of the conference. This is where the "backcountry theory" was born, which basically gave any coastal colonial power the right to claim political influence over an indefinite area within the country. As Africa was irregularly formed, this theory caused problems and was subsequently rejected. [19] Other historians discuss the historical legal implications of international law. The emphasis on the principle of efficiency and spheres of influence meant that the Berlin conference did not lead to a great development of international law and imperialism. [24] Some argued that the conference was rather a failure, and used to make Germany responsible for the scramble for Africa. [25] Historians have long marked the Berlin conference in the formalization of Scramble for Africa,[22] but recent scholarships have questioned the legal and economic impact of the conference. [3] Some have argued that the conference is at the centre of imperialism.

African-American historian W. E.B. Du Bois wrote in 1948 that in addition to the Atlantic slave trade in Africa, a major modern-day global movement is "the division of Africa after the Franco-German war, which prospered colonial imperialism with the Berlin Conference of 1884" and that "the first reality of imperialism in Africa today is economic" to explain the acquisition of the continent`s wealth. [23] The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, also known as the Conference of Congo or West Africa,[1] regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the period of the new imperialism and coincided with Germany`s sudden rise to imperial power. The conference was organized by Otto von Bismarck, Germany`s first chancellor. Its outcome, the general law of the Berlin conference, may be seen as a formalization of the fight for Africa, but some historians warn against a tailor-made role in the colonial division of Africa and draw attention to bilateral agreements concluded before and after the conference. [2] [3] The conference helped to launch a period of strengthened colonial activities by European powers that eliminated or superimposed most of the existing forms of African autonomy and autonomy. [4] The conference was an opportunity to channel latent European hostilities outward; to create new areas of support for European powers in the face of increasing US, Russian and Japanese interests; and constructive dialogue to limit future hostilities.

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