The International Agreement On Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions Is Known As The
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon called on world leaders to agree on an agreement to curb global warming at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly on 23 September 2014 in New York. The next climate summit was held in Paris in 2015, the date of the Paris Agreement, which succeeded the Kyoto Protocol. Countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol have been allocated to maximum levels of CO2 emissions during certain periods and have participated in the exchange of emission credits. If a country expelled more than its assigned limit, it would be penalized by obtaining a lower emission limit in the next period. When ipcc reports indicated that the stabilization objective would not be sufficient to prevent a dangerous anthropogenic attack in the climate system, the FCCC parties (governments) decided to make emission reduction commitments for developed countries in the form of a legal protocol, despite the problems they had already encountered in stabilizing their emissions (for example. B, Oberthur ott, 1999). Such a protocol at the FCCC was adopted in 1997 in Kyoto (Japan) and is therefore called the Kyoto Protocol. If this protocol is ratified, industrialized countries will reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by at least 5% from 1990 levels during the 2008-2012 commitment period (Article 3.1). Article 25 of the protocol stipulates that the protocol "will enter into force on the 99th day after the tabling of their ratification instruments by at least 55 parties to the Convention, including the Contracting Parties to Schedule I, which account for a total of at least 55% of the total carbon dioxide emissions for 1990 of the Annex I countries. , approval or membership.  Prior to the Paris meeting, the United Nations instructed countries to present detailed plans on how they intend to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These plans have been technically referred to as planned national contributions (INDC). As of December 10, 2015, 185 countries had introduced measures to limit or reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 or 2030.
In 2014, the United States announced its intention to reduce its emissions by 26-28% from 2005 levels by 2025. To achieve this goal, the country`s Clean Power Plan should set limits for existing and projected emissions from power plants. China, the country that emits the most greenhouse gases as a whole, has set a goal of reaching its carbon dioxide emissions "around 2030 and making the best efforts to reach an early peak." The Chinese authorities have also sought to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 60-65% compared to 2005. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 1992. The pioneering agreement [PDF] was ratified by 197 countries, including the United States, and was the first global treaty to explicitly address climate change. It has created an annual forum known as the Conference of the Parties (COP) for international discussions aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. These meetings produced the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. The national emissions targets set by the Kyoto Protocol exclude international air and sea transport. Parties to the Kyoto Protocol can use changes in agriculture, land use and forestry (UTCATF) to achieve their goals.  Utcatical activities are also called sink activities.