What Are The Types Of Collective Agreement
According to Flippo, "collective bargaining is a process in which representatives of a workers` organization and representatives of the enterprise organization meet and attempt to negotiate a contract or agreement that determines the nature of the employee-employer-union relationship." Collective agreements guarantee good remuneration and wage developments. Pro agrees on the minimum wages and general wage increases that form the basis of the wage system for office workers. In addition, you can negotiate your personal salary increases. Arbitration is a term often applied to the art of collective bargaining, a term often applied to the action of the public council that tries to ensure that collective bargaining is concluded. At this point, it should be emphasized that the institution of collective bargaining is a fair and democratic attempt to settle mutual disputes. Wherever it becomes normal to ask open-ended questions, industrial unrest with all its unpleasant consequences is minimized. According to this theory, employees sell their individual work only on collectively determined terms on the basis of a contract concluded through the collective bargaining process. The collective agreement covers you against arbitrary dismissals and dismissals, since the contracts set the rules to be followed in the event of dismissal, i.e. the so-called dismissal procedures. From the above facts, it is clear that the government has discouraged the development of collective bargaining in India. But the truth is that the government`s intention has never been to discourage them. In fact, work in India is not very well organized and is not expected to be able to get its share due through collective bargaining. The uncertainty of trade cycles, the spirit of mass production and competition for employment make negotiations a necessity.
The union`s collective action gave strength to the individual worker. Horizontal and vertical collective agreements The Industrial Relations Act distinguishes between horizontal collective agreements, i.e. employment-related agreements that cover a group of workers identified in relation to a particular occupation or occupation (e.g. B, an agreement for pilots), and vertical collective agreements, i.e. sectoral agreements that govern workers` employment and industrial relations that govern employees` employment and industrial relations with respect to all employees. The workers have been identified in a particular eco. • the economic sector (e.B an agreement for the textile industry or for the banking sector). Article 12 of the Act gives priority to vertical agreements and provides that they enter into force after their publication and terminate horizontal agreements even if their minimum legal duration has not yet been respected.